The National Association for Civilian Oversight of Law Enforcement (NACOLE) is a non-profit organization that brings together individuals and agencies working to establish or improve oversight of police officers in the United States. NACOLE welcomes people and organizations committed to fair and professional law enforcement that is responsive to community needs. To learn more about our organization, click here.
The Civilian Oversight Agency Database (COAD) is a web application and publicly available dataset developed to help oversight practitioners, community members, law enforcement, and government officials explore and understand the highly variegated field of civilian oversight of law enforcement. This application and its accompanying data were created as part of cooperative agreement number 2016-CK-WX-K017 awarded by the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, U.S. Department of Justice. Starting in 2017, NACOLE launched an ongoing survey to civilian oversight agencies throughout the United States in an effort to collect up-to-date information regarding each agency's organizational structure, authority, resources, and other characteristics.
The COAD survey is ongoing, and new agencies may submit their responses by clicking the “Submit” button at the top of this webpage at any time. Oversight agencies that have already completed their survey are periodically reminded to ensure that their responses are up-to-date, and may modify their survey responses as necessary.
For those agencies wishing to take the survey, please click here. To see the full text of the survey in PDF format, click here. If you work for an oversight agency that has already responded and would like to update your information, please send an email to email@example.com for a custom link allowing you to modify your responses. In total, the COAD survey asks 36 questions resulting in 63 variables relating to the organizational structure, resources, and authority of civilian oversight agencies. The data has been structured in a way that allows for use in this web app interface as well as in data and statistical analysis programs such as Microsoft Excel, R, and SPSS.
The data is self-reported by participating oversight agencies. While NACOLE has taken several measures to ensure the accuracy and quality of the data, we cannot guarantee that each individual datapoint reflects the most up-to-date information for each oversight agency. Each survey response includes a date of when their entry was submitted or last updated.
The most up-to-date version of the COAD data is available for oversight practitioners, researchers, government officials, and members of the public interested in performing their own analyses of the data. A codebook with variable definitions and a verbatim copy of the survey is available here to help end users better understand the dataset.
Users of the data should be aware that:
When requesting the COAD data, you agree to: